Eczema is a form of inflammation on the epidermis which does not have a direct cause to it. Doctors believe that it is caused by gene defects that lead to distortion of certain proteins which maintain the barrier of normal skin. The protection of skin is lowered which allows allergens and irritants to make contact with the sensitive skin. Eczema is also hereditary. Although eczema rarely causes death, according to the statistics of Canada, five Canadians died from eczema in 2008.
Here is a personal experience of eczema from one of my dearest friends: